American fury in the Philippines. IX / Maypaja

Writing his own version of the Caloocan fight, Captain Elliot, of the
Kansas Regiment said:

Talk about war being "hell," this war beats the hottest estimate ever
made of that locality. Caloocan was supposed to contain seventeen
thousand inhabitants. The Twentieth Kansas swept through it, and now
Caloocan contains not one living native. Of the buildings, the
battered walls of the great church and dismal prison alone remain. The
village of Maypaja, where our first fight occurred on the night of the
fourth, had five thousand people on that day—now not one stone remains
upon top of another. You can only faintly imagine this terrible scene
of desolation. War is worse than hell.