American fury in the Philippines. XVI / Negros, Albay

I stood on the spot in Negros where Montgomery, the superintendent of
education for that province, was killed. According to my information
it was an ordinary, highway murder for robbery, such as occurs
sometimes in my own city of Chicago. What was the punishment? The
constables were given free hand, the barrio was burned, men were
killed, some were tried and hanged, but the spirit was not that of
American law, but rather of a mob blindly avenging crime.
I drove through Albay Province, and I found 300,000 people
reconcentrated, hemp rotting in the fields, homes empty and not a human
being outside the lines — all punished because some 300 men are in the
mountains as ladrones or insurrectos.

David Jessup Doherty, 1904